Health and Wellbeing Publications

Social Assessment for Protected Areas (SAPA) Methodology Manual for SAPA Facilitators

Phil Franks and Rob Small
IIED, 2016

Protected areas can have positive and negative, both real and perceived, social impacts on local people. Social impact assessment is the process of analysing and managing the intended and unintended social consequences of planned interventions such as protected area management.  The Social Assessment for Protected Areas (SAPA) methodology has been developed to provide a relatively simple and low cost methodology for assessing impacts of protected area management and related conservation and development activities on the wellbeing of communities living within and around the area. It is a multi-stakeholder assessment that aims to help increase and more equitably share positive social impacts, and reduce negative social impacts. It can be used with protected areas of any kind, including those managed and governed by government agencies, communities and the private sector.


GRACE (Guidance for the Rapid Assessment of Cultural Ecosystem Services)

Mark Infield, Sian Morse-Jones and Helen Anthem
Fauna & Flora International, 2015

Developed by Fauna & Flora International (FFI) based on years of collective experience, GRACE is intended to help decision makers recognise and understand the cultural benefits provided by the natural world, and take them into account in decisions about how to use and manage nature. GRACE is primarily aimed at conservation and development NGOs working with communities, but should also prove useful to government agencies and businesses. It is a guide for those wanting to know what aspects of nature people value, how these contribute to their wellbeing, and how changes to ecosystems might affect the delivery of these services and wellbeing derived from them.


Healthy Parks Healthy People

Leaflet, HPHP, 2011

Outlines the Healthy Parks Healthy People programme, started by Parks Victoria and now being implementing by many protected area agencies around the world.


Vital Sites: The Contribution of Protected Areas to Human Health

Sue Stolton and Nigel Dudley
WWF, 2010

Discusses the role protected areas can play in promoting health and well-being. Healthy ecosystems in general, and protected areas in particular, can play a vital role in providing food and clean water, controlling infectious diseases, absorbing wastes, regulating climate and are the source of much of the cultural, spiritual and recreational inspiration needed to maintain mental and physical health - as well as being the providers of the essential materials needed for traditional medicine and modern pharmaceuticals.


Safety Net: Protected areas and poverty reduction

Nigel Dudley, Stephanie Mansourian, Sue Stolton and Surin Suksuwan
WWF, 2008

This report, the fourth in the WWF Arguments for Protection Series, analyse the links between protected areas and poverty reduction. Efforts to align protected areas and poverty reduction have continued for some time and have a mixed history; while some social programmes associated with protected areas have worked well there have also been plenty of failures. The report aims to give a balanced overview of what is happening around the world and of what appears to work and what does not.



Building a culture of conservation: Research findings and research priorities on connecting people to nature in parks

Pamela A. Wright and Carling Mathews
PARKS 2015

Many protected area agencies are focusing a great deal of attention on attracting visitors and offering a broader range of visitor opportunities in protected areas, this literature review published in the IUCN WCPA journal PARKS identifies what is known about the linkage between visitor experiences in parks and public support for conservation; identifies research gaps; and outlines a research agenda in order to build more robust evidence to guide park management.


Placemaking and transnationalism: recent migrants and a national park in Sydney, Australia

Denis Byrne and Heather Goodall
PARKS 2013

A study in the IUCN WCPA Journal PARKS of the way Arab and Vietnamese migrants engage with a national park environment in southwest Sydney, Australia, which highlights that people do not just adapt to that environment but actively make places for themselves in it. The concept of placemaking is useful particularly in showing that ‘place’ can be constructed out of social practice, emotion and affect, and does not have to entail physical impact on or alteration of the existing environment.


Human health and well-being motivations and benefits associated with protected area experiences: an opportunity for transforming policy and management in Canada

Christopher J. Lemieux, Paul F.J. Eagles, D. Scott Slocombe, Sean T. Doherty, Susan J. Elliott and Steven E. Mock
PARKS 2012

This paper in the IUCN WCPA Journal PARKS reports the results of a study from two protected areas in Canada to identify visitors’ perceived health and well-being motives and benefits associated with visitation to, and experiences provided by, protected areas.


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